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Ukuthumela Kwamahhala Komhlaba Wonke kubuyile ukuze uthole i-Full HHO Kit iX ADVANCED PREDATOR
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IStanley Meyer Hydrogen Amanzi Amanzi AMA-HHO injektha ye-HHO Kit HHO Amavidiyo wegesi

IStanley Meyer Hydrogen Amanzi Amanzi AMA-HHO injektha ye-HHO Kit HHO Amavidiyo wegesi

Incazelo ukuthi iseli likaphethiloli lihlukanisa amanzi abe izakhi zawo, i-hydrogen ne-oxygen. Igesi le-hydrogen labe selishiswa ukuze likhiqize amandla, inqubo eyakha kabusha ama-molecule wamanzi. Ngokusho kukaMeyer, le divayisi idinga amandla amancane okwenza i-electrolysis kunesilinganiso samandla esilinganiselwe esichazwe noma esilinganiswe yisayensi ejwayelekile. Indlela yokusebenza kusolwa ukuthi ibandakanya "igesi kaBrown", ingxube ye-oxyhydrogen enesilinganiso esingu-2: 1, ukwakheka okufanayo namanzi angamanzi; okungaxubaniswa nomoya ozungezile (i-nitrogen, i-oxygen, i-carbon dioxide, i-carbon monoxide, i-methane, i-chlorofluorocarbons, ama-radicals / ama-electron wamahhala, imisebe, phakathi kokunye). Uma ngabe idivayisi ibisebenza njengoba kuchaziwe, ibizophula imithetho yokuqala neyesibili ye-thermodynamics, ivumela ukusebenza njengomshini wokunyakaza ongapheli. Umthombo: I-Wikipedia, i-encyclopedia yamahhala

The iseli kaphethiloli wamanzi ukwakhiwa kobuchwepheshe kwe- "ukunyakaza okungapheli umshini "owenziwe nguMelika uStanley Allen Meyer (Agasti 24, 1940 - Mashi 20, 1998). UMeyer wathi imoto ebuyisiwe ngalolu cingo ingasebenzisa amanzi njengophethiloli esikhundleni sophethiloli. Izimangalo zikaMeyer mayelana neseli lakhe elithi" Amanzi Fuel Cell "nemoto. ukuthi inikezwe amandla yatholakala njengenkohliso yinkantolo yase-Ohio ngo-1996.

Igama "iseli yamafutha"

Isifunda[4]
Kuwo wonke amalungelo akhe obunikazi[4][5][6] UMeyer wasebenzisa amagama athi "i-fuel cell" noma "i-water cell cell" ukubhekisa engxenyeni yedivayisi yakhe lapho ugesi udlula khona emanzini ukukhiqiza i-hydrogen ne-oxygen. Ukusetshenziswa kukaMeyer kweligama ngalo mqondo kuphambene nencazelo yalo ejwayelekile kwesayensi nobunjiniyela, lapho amaseli anjalo ngokubizwa kwawo ebizwa ngokuthi "amaseli kagesi".[7] Ngaphezu kwalokho, igama elithi "iseli kaphethiloli"imvamisa igcinelwa amaseli akhiqiza ugesi kumakhemikhali ukusabela kwe-redox,[8][9][10] kanti iseli likaphethiloli likaMeyer lalidla ugesi, njengoba kukhonjisiwe kumalungelo akhe obunikazi nasesifundeni esifanekiselwa ngakwesokudla. UMeyer uchaza ilungelo lobunikazi ngo-1990 ngokusetshenziswa kwe- "fuel fuel Assembly" futhi uveza ezinye izithombe ze- “fuel cell water capacitor” yakhe. Ngokusho kwelungelo lobunikazi, kuleli cala, "... igama elithi 'fuel cell' lisho into eyodwa yokwakhiwa kweseli equkethe isilinganisi samanzi ... esikhiqiza igesi kaphethiloli ngokuhambisana nendlela yokwakhiwa kwayo."

Ukusabalala kwezindaba

Iseli yamafutha amanzi[5]

Embikweni wezindaba esiteshini se-Ohio TV, uMeyer wakhombisa inqwaba yezindunduma athi inikwe amandla yiseli lakhe likaphethiloli. Ulinganise ukuthi kuphela amalitha angama-22 aseMelika (amalitha angama-83) wamanzi adingeka ukusuka eLos Angeles aye eNew York.[11] Ngaphezu kwalokho, uMeyer wathi wafaka ama-spark plugs wafaka ama "injectors" afaka ingxube ye-hydrogen / oksijini kumasilinda ezinjini. Amanzi angaphansi komsindo kagesi owawuhlukanisa nokwakheka kwawo okuyisisekelo kwe-athomu. Iseli likaphethiloli lamanzi lalihlukanisa amanzi libe yi-hydrogen negesi yomoya-mpilo, eyayizophinda ibaswe ibuyele emhosheni wamanzi kwinjini evamile yangaphakathi yomlilo ukukhiqiza amandla enetha.[3]

UPhilip Ball, ebhala ephephabhukwini lezemfundo Nature, ichaze izimangalo zikaMeyer njenge-pseudoscience, ephawula ukuthi "Akulula ukuthola ukuthi imoto kaMeyer kwakufanele isebenze kanjani, ngaphandle kokuthi yayihilela iseli likaphethiloli elalikwazi ukuhlukanisa amanzi lisebenzisa amandla amancane kunalawo akhululwa ngokuhlanganiswa kabusha kwezakhi ... Abahlaseli bezenkolo abalwisana ne-mbumbulu bangahlambalaza futhi bathande kakhulu ngendlela abathanda ngayo, kodwa ekugcineni, bangahle bakwamukele ukuthi inganekwane yamanzi njengophethiloli ayisoze yaphela. "[2]

Kuze kube manje, azikho izifundo ezibuyekezwe ontanga zamadivayisi kaMeyer ezishicilelwe ezincwadini zesayensi. I-athikili ephephabhukwini Nature uchaze izimangalo zikaMeyer ngokuthi "enye amanzi njengamafutha" inganekwane.[2]

Icala 

Ngo-1996 uMeyer wamangalelwa ngabatshalizimali ababili ayebathengisele abathengisi, benikeza ilungelo lokwenza ibhizinisi kubuchwepheshe be-Water Fuel Cell. Imoto yakhe bekumele ihlolwe ngufakazi ongungoti uMichael Laughton, uSolwazi we-Electrical Engineering eQueen Mary, University of London naseFellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering. Kodwa-ke, uMeyer wenza lokho uProfessor Laughton akubheka "njengezaba eziyize" ngezinsuku zokuhlolwa futhi akazange akuvumele ukuqhubeka kokuhlolwa.[3]Ngokusho kukaMeyer, lobu buchwepheshe babunelungelo lobunikazi futhi kusaphenywa yihhovisi lobunikazi, uMnyango Wezamandla namasosha.[citation kudingeka] "Iseli likaphethiloli wamanzi" lakhe lahlolwa kamuva ngofakazi abangochwepheshe abathathu[ubani?] enkantolo othole ukuthi "akukho lutho olushintshayo ngalesi sitokisi nokuthi ubesebenzisa i-electrolysis ejwayelekile." Inkantolo ithole ukuthi uMeyer wayenze "inkohliso enkulu nenobuqili" futhi yamyalela ukuthi abuyisele abatshalizimali bobabili ama- $ 25,000 abo.[3]

Ukufa kukaMeyer

UStanley Meyer ushone ngokuzumayo ngoMashi 20, 1998, ngemuva kokudlela endaweni yokudlela. Umfowabo wathi ngesikhathi somhlangano nabatshalizimali ababili baseBelgium endaweni yokudlela, uMeyer ngokungazelele wagijimela ngaphandle, ethi "Bangifaka ubuthi".[1] Ngemuva kophenyo, amaphoyisa aseGrove City ahamba nombiko we-coroner waseFranklin County owawunquma ukuthi uMeyer, owayenomfutho wegazi ophakeme, wabulawa yisifo se-cerebral aneurysm.[1] Abanye babaxhasi bakaMeyer bakholelwa ukuthi wabulawa ukuze acindezele ukwenziwa kwakhe.[1][2][12]

Nemiphumela

Amalungelo obunikazi kaMeyer aphelelwe yisikhathi. Okwenziwe manje sekuphakathi komphakathi, kutholakala kubo bonke ukuze basebenzise ngaphandle kwemikhawulo noma ukukhokha kwasebukhosini.[13] Ayikho injini noma umakhi wemoto ofake umsebenzi kaMeyer.[14][15]

[5]

Imoto efakwe amanzi
Kusukela ku-Wikipedia, i-encyclopedia yamahhala
  (Iqondiswe kabusha kusuka emotweni efuthwe ngamanzi)
imoto efakwe amanzi yimoto ethola amandla ayo ngokuzenzisa emanzini. Izimoto ezigqugquzelwa ngamanzi kube yisihloko samalungelo obunikazi amaningi aphesheya, amaphephandaba kanye nemibhalo eyaziwayo yamaphephabhuku esayensi, izindaba zethelevishini zendawo, namawebhusayithi. Izimangalo zalawa madivayisi zitholakale ukuthi ziyimbumbulu kanti ezinye zitholakale zihlobene nenkohliso yokutshalwa kwemali.[1][2][3][4] Lezi zimoto kungathiwa zikhiqiza uphethiloli emanzini asemgodini ngaphandle kokufakwa kwamandla noma mhlawumbe i-hybrid ethi ithola amandla ayo emanzini ngaphezu komthombo ojwayelekile (njengophethiloli).

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