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Umlingo wezinjini zama-ion ezingezinhle

Umlingo wezinjini zama-ion ezingezinhle

Izinjini zama-ion, ezisebenza endaweni eseduze nesikhala, ziphehla uphethiloli wegesi ngokushesha kakhulu kunoxhaxha lwamarokhethi amakhemikhali. Banikeza i-thrust ephindwe kashumi ngaphezulu ngekhilogremu ngayinye yamafutha asetshenzisiwe. Ama-ion anikeza izinjini igama lawo ama-athomu ashajiwe asheshiswa izikhali zikagesi ezikhethiwe. Uma amandla evela kumaphaneli elanga omkhumbi-mkhathi, le ndlela ibizwa ngokuthi "i-solar-electric propulsion".

Izinjini ze-ion zisebenza ngomlingo wazo ngokuhamba kancane. Injini ye-ion ingaphusha kancane izinyanga noma iminyaka - inqobo nje uma ilanga likhipha umkhovu etsheni kanye nophethiloli omncane uhlala. Njengoba amaphaneli elanga anosayizi ojwayelekile eletha amandla ama-kilowatt ambalwa kuphela, injini ye-ion enamandla elanga ayikwazi ukuncintisana ne-whiz yerokhethi yamakhemikhali—nokho, irokhethi lamakhemikhali elivamile livutha imizuzu embalwa kuphela.

Ngo-1998, i-NASA yethula umkhumbi-mkhathi wokubonisa i-Deep Space 1, owandiza wadlula endaweni eseduze ne-Earth asteroid futhi wabamba inkanyezi enomsila. Ngokusekelwa kwamakhemikhali okuncane kakhulu, uphenyo lwe-ESA's SMART-1 lwafinyelela eNyangeni kuphela. Kodwa-ke, yayibonisa imisebenzi ebucayi kakhulu edingekayo emishini ekude. Lezi zizohlanganisa amandla kagesi elanga nogesi asebenzisa amandla adonsela phansi amaplanethi nezinyanga.

esihlokweni esilandelayo Amavidiyo: Injini ka-Koenigsegg engu-2.0L 3-cylinder 1.6L 4-cylinders

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{"one" =>"Khetha izinto ezi-2 noma ezi-3 ozoziqhathanisa", "other" =>"{{ count }} kwezingu-3 ezikhethiwe"}

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